January 4, 2020

Water Pollution

Water is a major component of our environment. It is so important for human existence that it is often called 'life'. We need pure water to drink and for everyday domestic purpose. But polluted water is harmful for human body. Water is being polluted continually/daily by human beings in many ways. Farmers use chemicals, fertilizers and insecticides in their fields. Those toxic chemicals get mixed with water of the rivers, canals and ponds through rain and flood. Thus the surface water resource is polluted badly. Again mills and factories throw their toxic chemical waste into rivers and canals. In rural areas sanitary latrines and drains standing on the river banks are also responsible for water pollution. The villagers often throw the dead bodies of animals and rotten plants in the river which add to water pollution. Steamers and motor launches pollute water by dumping oil and throwing dumps into water. By drinking polluted water people get affected with various water borne diseases. Cholera, dysentery etc break out in an epidemic form. The government should not allow mills and factories to discharge chemical waste indiscriminately. Public awareness should be raised. We should train people how to keep water pure and clean. We should always remember that pure water is essential for our life. Through proper management of waste we can minimize the rate of water pollution.